The American Presidential Election Essay Sample
Why did I choose this topic?
I choose this topic because I think it is relevant because the American president has a great influence on the rest of the world. Joe Biden just got elected for president last November and hearing a lot about that I the news as well as in school inspired me to research how the election works.
I have also heard some people criticize the American democracy that is also why I thought I would investigate it.
How to become president of the USA
You need to be at least the age of 35, be a natural born citizen and have lived in America for at least 14 years.
Finding out who gets to become the chosen candidate for each party is a long process. The pre-elections begin about a year and a half before the actual Election Day. So, meeting the requirements is not enough it takes a massive amount of work and time. However, the first thing you must do is to officially declare your candidacy for the Democrats or the Republican party. You can also run on your own but there is no real chance of an independent candidate being elected. The many candidates from each party campaign and participate in tv debates against other candidates from their own party. Then the primary elections take place where the party members vote for the best candidate to represent them. Each party holds a national convention to subject a final nominee. At each convention, the chosen candidate chooses a vice president. Then the actual starts.
Candidates participate in more TV debates and campaigning where they spend millions and millions of dollars on their campaigns. This year for example Joe Biden spend over a billion dollars on his campaign and even though most of those money is donated you still need the resources to set up founds. The two candidates also go on television where they debate relevant topics. These debates often get personal, and the candidates often interrupt each other and attack their person or family. After moths of campaigning the election takes place in the early November and the elected president is sworn in on January 20th the following year.
On election day people in every state across the country vote for one President and Vice President but When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for an elector and not directly for the particular candidate. Each state gets a certain number of electors and there are a total of 538 electors. Which means the candidate needs to win at least 270 votes. If a candidate wins the majority of the electors from a state, then the candidate will receive all electoral votes of that state. For exaple in the 2020 presidential election Joe Biden won all of the 55 electoral votes even though he only won 63,5% of the votes. This the winner takes it all concept apply to all the states except Main and Nebraska they Use a method called the 'congressional district method', these states assign two electoral votes to the state popular vote winner, and then one electoral vote to the popular vote winner in each Congressional district.
In American politics, the term swing state (or battleground state) refers to any state that could reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican presidential candidate by a swing in votes. Because of that these states are very important.
And also, the Americans, except those who live in North Dakota, can't just show up on election day, they must register in order to vote. In most of the states you can do it online and in some you need to do it in person. The registration deadlines also verry from state to state.
Now I would like to compare the danish prime minister election to the american presidential election. In Denmark there is a lot of parties compared to the USA where there are only 2.